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(旧版)科学的根拠に基づく急性胆管炎・胆嚢炎の診療ガイドライン

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第IV章 診療フローチャートと診療のポイント


引用文献
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2) Boey JH, Way LW. Acute cholangitis. Ann Surg 1980; 191: 264-70.(診断レベル4)
3) Csendes A, Diaz JC, Burdiles P, Maluenda F, Morales E. Risk factors and classification of acute suppurative cholangitis. Br J Surg 1992; 79: 655-8.(診断レベル2b)
4) Welch JP, Donaldson GA. The urgency of diagnosis and surgical treatment of acute suppurative cholangitis. Am J Surg 1976; 131: 527-32.(診断レベル4)
5) O'Connor MJ, Schwartz ML, McQuarrie DG, Sumer HW. Acute bacterial cholangitis: an analysis of clinical manifestation. Arch Surg 1982; 117: 437-41.(診断レベル4)
6) Reynolds BM, Dargan EL. Acute obstructive cholangitis; a distinct clinical syndrome. Ann Surg 1959; 150: 299-303.
7) Eskelinen M, Ikonen J, Lipponen P. Diagnostic approaches in acute cholecystitis; a prospective study of 1333 patients with acute abdominal pain. Theor Surg 1993; 8: 15-20.(診断レベル2b)
8) Staniland JR, Ditchburn J, De Dombal FT. Clinical presentation of acute abdomen: study of 600 patients. Br Med J 1972; 3: 393-8.(診断レベル4)
9) Trowbridge RL, Rutkowski NK, Shojania KG. Does this patient have acute cholecystitis? JAMA 2003; 289: 80-6.(診断レベル3b)
10) Rosen CL, Brown DF, Chang Y, Moore C, Averill NJ, Arkoff LJ, et al. Ultrasonography by emergency physicians in patients with suspected cholecystitis. Am J Emerg Med 2001; 19: 32-6.(診断レベル1b)
11) Kendall JL, Shimp RJ. Performance and interpretation of focused right upper quadrant ultrasound by emergency physicians. J Emerg Med 2001; 21: 7-13.(診断レベル1b)

 

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