ガイドライン

(旧版)科学的根拠に基づく急性胆管炎・胆嚢炎の診療ガイドライン

書誌情報
 
第III章 定義・病態と疫学


引用文献
1) 南山堂医学大辞典.第18版,第4刷.南山堂,東京,1998 : 1337.
2) 新臨床外科学 第3版,第2刷.監修 森岡恭彦.医学書院,東京,1999 : 661.
3) Lai ECS, Tam PC, Paterson IA, Ng MM, Fan ST, Choi TK, et al. Emergency surgery for severe acute cholangitis. The high-risk patients. Ann Surg 1990 ; 211 : 55-9.(予後レベル4)
4) 高田忠敬,安田秀喜,内山勝弘.〔胆道系の急性炎症〕急性胆管炎の病態と治療 胆管炎の重症化因子に関する一考察.肝胆膵.1989 ; 18 : 91-7.(病因レベル 4)
5) Charcot M. De la fievre hepatique symptomatique-Comparaison avec la fievre uroseptique. Lecons sur les maladies du foie des voies biliares et des reins,), Paris : Bourneville et Sevestre, 1877 : 176-85.(診断レベル4)
6) Reynolds BM, Dargan EL. Acute obstructive cholangitis-A distinct syndrome-. Ann Surg 1959 ; 150 : 299-303.(診断レベル4)
7) Longmire WP. Suppurative cholangitis. In : Hardy JD. Editor. Critical surgical illness. New York : Saunders, 1971 : 397-424.(診断レベル4)
8) McSherry CK, Ferstenberg H, Virshup M. The Mirizzi syndrom : suggested classification and surgical therapy. Surg Gastroenterol 1982 ; 1 : 219-25.(病因レベル4)
9) Lemmel G. Die kliniscle Bedeutung der Duodenal Divertikel. Arch Venduungskrht. 1934 ; 46 : 59-70.(病因レベル4)
10) 武藤良弘.急性胆嚢炎治療の新しい動向 病態と病理.胆と膵 1992 ; 13 : 735-8.(診断レベル4)
11) 武藤良弘.病理から見た急性胆嚢炎の病態.腹部救急診療の進歩 1992 ; 12 : 345-9.(診断レベル4)
12) Goodman ZD, Ishak KG. Xanthogranulomatos cholecystitis. Am J Surg Pathol 1981 ; 5 : 653-9.(診断レベル4)
13) 渋谷宏行,阿部章彦,恩村雄太.Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis-41例の臨床病理学的検討.胆と膵 1984 ; 5 : 185-90.(診断レベル4)
14) Gross RE. Congenital anomalies of the gallbladder. Arch Surg 1936 ; 32 : 131-62.(病因レベル4)
15) Lipsett PA, Pitt HA. Acute cholangitis. Surg Clin North Am 1990 ; 70 : 1297-312.(病因レベル4)
16) Gigot JF, Leese T, Dereme T, Coutinho J, Castaing D, Bismuth H. Acute cholangitis : multivariate analysis of risk factors. Ann Surg 1989 ; 209 : 435-8.(病因レベル4)
17) Edlund YA, Mollsted BO, Ougchterlony O. Bacteriological investigation of the biliary system and liver in biliary tract disease correlated to clinical data and microstructure of the gallbladder and liver. Acta Chir Scand 1959 ; 116 : 461-76.(診断レベル4)
18) Keighley MR, Lister DM, Jacobs SI, Giles GR. Hazards of surgical treatment due to microorganisms in the bile. Surgery 1974 ; 75 : 578-83.(診断レベル4)
19) Sinanan MN. Acute cholangitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 1992 ; 6 : 571-99.(診断レベル4)
20) Saharia PC, Cameron JL. Clinical management of acute cholangitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1976 ; 142 : 369-72.(病因レベル4)
21) Pitt HA, Couse NF. Biliary sepsis and toxic cholangitis. In : Moody FG, Carey LC. Editors. Surgical Treatment of Digestive Diseases. ed 2. Chicago : Year Book Medical Publishers ; 1990. p. 332(病因レベル4)
22) Thompson JE Jr, Pitt HA, Doty JE, Coleman J, Irving C. Broad spectrum penicillin as an adequate therapy for acute cholangitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1990 ; 171 : 275-82.(病因レベル4)
23) Basoli A, Schietroma M, De Santis A, Colella A, Fiocca F, Speranza V. Acute cholangitis : diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Ital J Surg Sci 1986 ; 16 : 261-7.(病因レベル4)
24) 代田明朗,三樹 勝,吉岡正智,森山雄吉.外科的胆道疾患と細菌に関するアンケート集計成績.日消外会誌 1980 ; 13 : 445-9.(病因レベル4)
25) Vandervoort J, Soetikno RM, Tham TC, Wong RC, Ferrari AP Jr, Montes H, et al. Risk factors for complications after performance of ERCP. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 ; 56 : 652-6.(病因レベル4)
26) Freeman ML, Nelson DB, Sherman S, Haber GB, Herman ME, Dorsher PJ, et al Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. N Engl J Med 1996 ; 335 : 909-18.(病因レベル1b)
27) Lenriot JP, Le Neel JC, Hay JM, Jaeck D, Millat B, Fagniez PL. Catheteisme retrograde et sphincterotomie endoscopique. Evaluation prospective en milieu chirurgical. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1993 ; 17 : 244-50.(病因レベル4)
28) Benchimol D, Bernard JL, Mouroux J, Dumas R, Elkaim D, Chazal M, et al. Infectious complications of endoscopic retrograholangio-pancreatography managed in a surgical unit. Int Surg 1992 ; 77 : 270-3.(病因レベル4)
29) Cotton PB, Lehman G, Vennes JA, Geenen JE, Russell RCG, Meyers WC, et al. Endoscopic sphincterotomy complications and their management : an attempt at consensus Gastrointest Endosc 1991 ; 37 : 255-8.(病因レベル4)
30) Reiertsen O, Skjoto J, Jacobsen CD, Rosseland AR. Complications of fiberoptic gastrointestinal endoscopy ; five years' experience in a central hospital. Endoscopy 1987 ; 19 : 1-6.(病因レベル4)
31) Roszler MH, Campbell WL. Post-ERCP pancreatitis : association with urographic visualization during ERCP. Radiology 1985 ; 157 : 595-8.(病因レベル4)
32) Escourrou J, Cordova JA, Lazorthes F, Frexinos J, Ribet A. Early and late complications after endoscopic sphincterotomy for biliary lithiasis with and without the gall bladder 'in situ'. Gut 1984 ; 25 : 598-602.(病因レベル4)
33) Bilbao MK, Dotter CT, Lee TG, Katon RM. Complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). A study of 10,000 cases. Gastroenterology 1976 ; 70 : 314-20.(病因レベル4)
34) Gouma DJ, Obertop H. Acute calculous cholecystitis. What is new in diagnosis and therapy ? HPB Surg 1992 ; 6 : 69-78.(病因レベル4)
35) Mack E. Role of surgery in the management of gallstones. Semin Liver Dis 1990 ; 10 : 222-31.(病因レベル4)
36) Hermann RE. Surgery for acute and chronic cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am 1990 ; 70 : 1263-75.(病因レベル4)
37) Sharp KW. Acute cholecystitis. Surg Clin North Am 1988 ; 68 : 269-79.(病因レベル4)
38) Williamson RC. Acalculous disease of the gall bladder. Gut 1988 ; 29 : 860-72.(病因レベル4)
39) Barie PS, Fischer E. Acute acalculous cholecystitis. J Am Coll Surg 1995 ; 180 : 232-44.(病因レベル4)
40) Reiss R, Deutsch AA. State of the art in the diagnosis and management of acute cholecystitis. Dig Dis 1993 ; 11 : 55-64.(病因レベル4)
41) Hunt DR, Chu FC. Gangrenous cholecystitis in the laparoscopic era. Aust N Z J Surg 2000 ; 70 : 428-30.(病因レベル4)
42) Merriam LT, Kanaan SA, Dawes LG, Angelos P, Prystowsky JB, Rege RV, et al. Gangrenous cholecystitis : analysis of risk factors and experience with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgery 1999 ; 126 : 680-5.(病因レベル4)
43) Wilson AK, Kozol RA, Salwen WA, Ma LJ, Tennenberg SD. Gangrenous cholecystitis in an urban VA hospital. J Surg Res 1994 ; 56 : 402-4.(病因レベル4)
44) Bedirli A, Sakrak O, Sozuer EM, Kerek M, Guler I. Factors effecting the complications in the natural history of acute cholecystitis. Hepatogastroenterol 2001 ; 48 : 1275-78.(病因レベル3b)
45) Tokunaga Y, Nakayama N, Ishikawa Y, Nishitai R, Irie A, Kaganoi J, et al. Surgical risks of acute cholecystitis in elderly. Hepatogastroenterol 1997 ; 44 : 671-6.(病因レベル2c)
46) 厚生統計協会.患者調査に基づく推計患者数,傷病小分類・年次別.厚生の指標 1993 ; 39 : 29-35.(病因レベル4)
47) 谷村 弘,内山和久,杉本恵洋.胆石症-X線CT-.胆と膵 1993 ; 14 : 303-10.(病因レベル5)
48) 斉藤和好,菅野千治,大森英俊.無症状胆石とその治療方針.外科治療 1991 ; 64 : 818-23.(病因レベル4)
49) 山口和哉,谷村 弘,石本喜和男,内山和久.剖検例からみた胆石保有率と胆嚢癌合併率.日臨外会誌 1997 ; 58 : 1986-92.(病因レベル4)
50) 梶山梧朗.無症候性胆石症の自然史とそのマネージメント.Medicina 1992 ; 29 : 278-9.(病因レベル4)
51) Glambek I, Arnesjo B, Soreide O. Correlation between gallstones and abdominal symptoms in a random population. Results from a screening study. Scand J Gastroenterol 1989 ; 24 : 277-81.(病因レベル2b)
52) Friedman GD. Natural history of asymptomatic and symptomatic gallstones. Am J Surg 1993 ; 165 : 399-404.(病因レベル2c)
53) Persson GE. Expectant management of patients with gallbladder stones diagnosed at planned investigation. A prospective 5-to 7-year follow-up study of 153 patients. Scand J Gastroenterol 1996 ; 31 : 191-9.(病因レベル4)
54) 竹内文康,堀口祐爾,今井英夫,坂本宏司,鈴木智博,久保裕史,他.無症状胆石の取り扱いとその転帰.胆と膵 1998 ; 19 : 297-301.(病因レベル4)
55) Cello JP. AIDS-Related biliary tract disease. Gastrointest Endosc Clin North Am 1998 ; 8 : 963.(病因レベル4)
56) LaRaja RD, Rothenberg RE, Odom JW, Mueller SC. The incidence of intra-abdominal surgery in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome : a statistical review of 904 patients. Surgery 1989 ; 105 : 175-9.(病因レベル4)
57) Michielsen PP, Fierens H, Van Maercke YM. Drug-induced gallbladder disease. Incidence, aetiology and management. Drug Saf 1992 ; 7 : 32-45.(病因レベル4)
58) Royal College of General Practitioners' oral contraception study. Oral contraceptives and gallbladder disease. Lancet 1982 ; 2 : 957-9.(病因レベル3b)
59) Cooper J, Geizerova H, Oliver MF. Clofibrate and gallstones. Lancet 1975 ; 1 : 1083.(病因レベル2c)
60) Rosenberg L, Shapiro S, Slone D, Kaufman DW, Miettinen OS, Stolley PD. Thiazides and acute cholecystitis. N Engl J Med 1980 ; 303 : 546-8.(病因レベル3b)
61) Porter JB, Jick H, Dinan BJ. Acute cholecystitis and thiazides. N Engl J Med 1981 ; 304 : 954-5.(病因レベル3b)
62) Nelson HD, Humphrey LL, Nygren P, Teutsch SM, Allan JD. Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy : scientific review. JAMA 2002 ; 288 : 872-81.(病因レベル1a)
63) Khuroo MS. Ascariasis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1996 ; 25 : 553-77.(病因レベル4)
64) Sharp HT. The acute abdomen during pregnancy. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2002 ; 45 : 405-413.(病因レベル4)
65) Barone JE, Bears S, Chen S, Tsai J, Russell JC. Outcome study of cholecystectomy during pregnancy. Am J Surg 1999 ; 177 : 232-6.(病因レベル2c)
66) Friedman GD, Kannel WB, Dawber TR. The epidemiology of gallbladder disease : observations in the Framingham Study. J Chronic Dis 1966 ; 19 : 273-92.(病因レベル1b,部分的に2b)
67) Gutman H, Sternberg A, Deutsch AA, Haddad M, Reiss R. Age profiles of benign gallbladder disease in 2,000 patients. Int Surg 1987 ; 72 : 30-3.(病因レベル4)
68) Erlinger S. Gallstones in obesity and weight loss. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2000 ; 12 : 1347-52.(病因レベル4)
69) Liddle RA, Goldstein RB, Saxton J. Gallstone formation during weight-reduction dieting. Arch Intern Med 1989 ; 149 : 1750-3.(病因レベル2b)
70) Everhart JE. Contributions of obesity and weight loss to gallstone disease. Ann Intern Med 1993 ; 119 : 1029-35.(病因レベル2a)
71) Mun EC, Blackburn GL, Matthews JB. Current status of medical and surgical therapy for obesity. Gastroenterology 2001 ; 120 : 669-81.(病因レベル4)
72) Torgerson JS, Lindroos AK, Naslund I, Peltonen M. Gallstones, gallbladder disease, and pancreatitis : cross-sectional and 2-year data from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) and SOS reference studies. Am J Gastroenterol 2003 ; 98 : 1032-41.(予後レベル2b)
73) Andrew DJ, Johnson SE. Acute suppurative cholangitis, a medical and surgical emergency. A review of ten years. Am J Gastroent 1970 ; 54 : 141-54.(予後レベル4)
74) Shimada H, Nakagawara G, Kobayashi M, Tsuchiya S, Kudo T, Morita S Pathogenesis and clinical features of acute cholangitis accompanied by shock. Jpn J Surg 1984 ; 14 : 269-77.(予後レベル4)
75) Csendes A, Diaz JC, Burdiles P, Maluenda F, Morales E. Risk factors and classification of acute suppurative cholangitis. Br J Surg 1992 ; 79 : 655-8.(予後レベル4)
76) Himal HS, Lindsay T. Ascending cholangitis : surgery versus endoscopic or percutaneous drainage. Surgery 1990 ; 108 : 629-33.(予後レベル4)
77) Chijiiwa K, Kozaki N, Naito T, Kameoka N. Treatment of choice for choledocholithiasis in patients with acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis and liver cirrhosis. Am J Surg 1995 ; 170 : 356-60.(予後レベル4)
78) Liu TJ. Acute biliary septic shock. HPB Surg 1990 ; 2 : 177-83.(予後レベル4)
79) Lai EC, Tam PC, Paterson IA, Ng MM, Fan ST, Choi TK, et al. Emergency surgery for severe acute cholangitis. The high risk patients. Ann Surg 1990 ; 211 : 55-9.(予後レベル4)
80) Thompson JE Jr, Pitt HA, Doty JE, Coleman J, Irving C. Broad spectrum penicillin as an adequate therapy for acute cholangitis. Surg Gynec Obst 1990 ; 171 : 275-82.(予後レベル4)
81) 有馬範幸,内山敏行,菱川留王.高齢者胆管結石陥頓症例の病像の検討 特に重症度についての緊急治療例を中心に.日老医会誌 1993 ; 30 : 964-8.(予後レベル4)
82) 国崎主税,小林俊介,城戸泰洋,今井伸介,原田博文,森脇義弘,他.急性化膿性胆管炎症例の検討-急性閉塞性化膿性胆管炎症例の予後規定因子について.日腹部救急医会誌 1997 ; 17 : 261-6.(予後レベル4)
83) Tai DI, Shen FH, Liaw YF. Abnormal pre-drainage serum creatinine as a prognostic indicator in acute cholangitis. Hepatogastroenterology 1992 ; 39 : 47-50.(予後レベル4)
84) Thompson J, Bennion RS, Pitt HA. An analysis of infectious failures in acute cholangitis. HPB Surg 1994 ; 8 : 139-45.(予後レベル4)
85) Sugiyama M, Atomi Y. Risk factors predictive of late complications after endoscopic sphincterotomy for bile duct stones : Long-term (more than 10 years) follow-up study. Am J Gastroenterol 2002 ; 97 : 2763-7.(予後レベル4)
86) Prat F, Malak NA, Pelletier G, Buffet C, Fritsch J, Choury AD, et al. Biliary symptoms and complications more than 8 years after endoscopic sphincterotomy for choledocholithiasis. Gastroenterology 1996 ; 110 : 894-9.(予後レベル4)
87) Ransohoff DF, Miller GL, Forsythe SB, Hermann RE. Outcome of acute cholecystitis in patients with diabetes mellitus. Ann Intern Med 1987 ; 106 : 829-32.(予後レベル2b)
88) Lahtinen J, Alhava EM, Aukee S. Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial. Scand J Gastroenterol 1978 ; 13 : 673-8.(予後レベル2b)
89) Sondenaa K, Nesvik I, Solhaug JH, Soreide O. Randomization to surgery or observation in patients with symptomatic gallbladder stone disease. The problem of evidence-based medicine in clinical practice. Scand J Gastroenterol 1997 ; 32 : 611-6.(予後レベル2b)
90) 柿田 章,吉田宗紀,松沢克典.消化器外科における今日の標準的治療 急性胆嚢炎.消外 1994 ; 17 : 447-50.(予後レベル4)
91) Andren-Sandberg A, Haugsvedt T, Larssen TB, Sondenaa K. Complication and late outcome following percutaneous drainage of the gallbladder in acute calculous cholecystitis. Digest Surg 2001 ; 18 : 393-8.(予後レベル4)
92) Granlund A, Karlson BM, Elvin A, Rasmussen I. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cholecystectomy in high-risk surgical patients. Langenbecks Arch Surg 2001 ; 386 : 212-7.(予後レベル4)
93) McLoughlin RF, Patterson EJ, Mathieson JR, Cooperberg PL, MacFarlane JK. Radiologically guided percutaneous cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis : long-term outcome in 50 patients. Can Assoc Radiol J 1994 ; 45 : 455-9.(予後レベル4)
94) Meyer KA, Capos NJ, Mittelpunkt AI. Personal experiences with 1261 cases of acute and chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Surgery 1967 ; 61 : 661-8.(予後レベル4)
95) Gagic N, Frey CF, Galness R. Acute cholecystitis. Surg Gynec Obstet 1975 ; 140 : 868-874.(予後レベル4)
96) Girard RM, Morin M. Open cholecystectomy : its morbidity and mortality as a reference standard. Can J Surg 1993 ; 36 : 75-80.(予後レベル4)
97) Addison NV, Finan PJ. Urgent and early cholecystectomy for acute gallbladder disease. Brit J Surg 1988 ; 75 : 141-3.(予後レベル4)
98) Gingrich RA, Awe WC, Boyden AM, Peterson CG. Cholecystectomy in acute cholecystits. Factors influencing morbidity and mortality. Am J Surg 1968 ; 116 : 310-5.(予後レベル4)
99) 高田忠敬,内山勝弘.高齢者の肝胆膵疾患の特異性.救急病態への対応 : 急性胆嚢炎.肝胆膵 1992 ; 25 : 481-8.(予後レベル4)
100) 河合雅彦,田中千凱,伊藤隆夫.過去10年間の急性胆嚢炎を伴った胆石症の検討.岐阜市民病院年報 1992 ; 12 : 31-6.(予後レベル4)
101) Bedirli A, Sakrak O, Sozuer EM, Kerek M, Guler I. Factors effecting the complications in the natural history of acute cholecystitis. Hepatogastroenterol 2001 ; 48 : 1275-8.(予後レベル4)
102) Gharaibeh KI, Qasaimeh GR, Al-Heiss H, Ammari F, Bani-Hani K, Al-Jaberi TM, et al. Effects of timing of surgery, type of inflammation, and sex on outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. J Laparoend Adv Surg Tech 2002 ; 12 : 193-8.(予後レベル4)
103) Savoca PE, Longo WE, Zucker KA, McMillen MM, Modlin IM. The increasing prevalence of acalculous cholecystitis in outpatients. Results of a 7-year study. Ann Surg 1990 ; 211 : 433-7.(予後レベル4)
104) Kalliafas S, Ziegler DW, Flancbaum L, Choban PS. Acute acalculous cholecystitis : incidence, risk factors, diagnosis, and outcome. Am Surg 1998. 64 : 471-5.(予後レベル4)
105) Inoue T, Mishima Y. Postoperative acute cholecystitis : a collective review of 494 cases in Japan. Jpn J Surg 1988 ; 18 : 35-42.(予後レベル4)
106) Hafif A, Gutman M, Kaplan O, Winkler E, Rozin RR, Skornick Y. The management of acute cholecystitis in elderly patients. Am Surg 1991 ; 57 : 648-52.(予後レベル4)
107) Glenn F. Surgical management of acute cholecystitis in patients 65 years of age and older. Ann Surg 1981 ; 193 : 56-9.(予後レベル4)

 

書誌情報