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(旧版)急性膵炎診療ガイドライン2010

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第VI章  急性膵炎の診断

 
引用文献

1,2.診断基準,臨床症状・徴候
1) 武田和憲,大槻眞,北川元二,他. 急性膵炎の診断基準・重症度判定基準最終改訂案. 厚生労働科学研究補助金難治性疾患克服研究事業難治性膵疾患に関する調査研究,平成17年度総括・分担研究報告書2006; 27-34.(診断レベル3b)
2) Koizumi M, Takada T, Kawarada Y, et al. JPN Guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis: diagnostic criteria for acute pancreatitis. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2006; 13: 25-32.(診断レベル5)
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5) 小川道雄,広田昌彦,跡見裕,他.急性膵炎の実態調査.厚生労働省特定疾患対策研究事業重症急性膵炎の救命率を改善させるための研究班,平成12 年度研究報告書2001; 17-33.(診断レベル3b)
6) 大槻眞,木原康之,菊地馨,他.急性膵炎全国疫学調査.厚生労働科学研究補助金難治性疾患克服研究事業難治性膵疾患に関する調査研究,平成16 年度総括・分担研究報告書2005; 56-63.(診断レベル3b)
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9) Brewer BJ, Golden GT, Hitch DC, et al. Abdominal pain. An analysis of 1,000 consecutive cases in a University Hospital emergency room. Am J Surg 1976; 131(2): 219-223.(診断レベル2b)
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13) Dickson AP, Imrie CW. The incidence and prognosis of body wall ecchymosis in acute pancreatitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1984; 159: 343-347.(診断レベル2b)
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15) Dervenis C, Johnson CD, Bassi C, et al. Diagnosis, objective assessment of severity, and management of acute pancreatitis. Santorini consensus conference. Int J Pancreatol 1999; 25: 195-210.(診断レベル5)


3.血液・尿検査
16) UK Working Party on Acute Pancreatitis. UK guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis. Gut 2005; 54: 1-9. (診断レベル5)
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19) Banks PA, Freeman ML. Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Practice guidelines in acute pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 2006; 101: 2379-2400. (診断レベル5)
20) Smith RC, Southwell-Keely J, Chesher D. Should serum pancreatic lipase replace serum amylase as a biomarke of acute pancreatitis? ANZ J Surg 2005; 75: 399-404. (診断レベル3b)
21) Steinberg WM, Goldstein SS, Davis ND, et al. Diagnostic assays in acute pancreatitis. A study of sensitivity and specificity. Ann Intern Med 1985; 102: 576-580. (診断レベル2b)
22) Ventrucci M, Pezzilli R, Naldoni P, et al. A rapid assay for serum immunoreactive lipase as a screening test for acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 1986; 1: 320-323. (診断レベル2b)
23) Thomson HJ, Obekpa PO, Smith AN, et al. Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis: a proposed sequence of biochemical investigations. Scand J Gastroenterol 1987; 22: 719-724. (診断レベル3b)
24) Pace BW, Bank S, Wise L, et al. Amylase isoenzymes in the acute abdomen: an adjunct in those patients with elevated total amylase. Am J Gastroenterol 1985; 80: 898-901. (診断レベル3b)
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26) Jang T, Uzbielo A, Sineff S, et al. Point-of-care urine trypsinogen testing for the diagnosis of pancreatitis. Acad Emerg Med 2007; 14: 29-34. (診断レベル4)
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28) Sáez J, Martinez J, Trigo C, et al. Clinical value of rapid urine trypsinogen-2 test strip, urinary trypsinogen activation peptide, and serum and urinary activation peptide of carboxypeptidase B in acute pancreatitis. World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11: 7261-7265. (診断レベル2b)
29) Chen YT, Chen CC, Wang SS, et al. Rapid urinary trypsinogen-2 test strip in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 2005; 30: 243-247. (診断レベル2b)
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31) Wilson RB, Warusavitarne J, Crameri DM, et al. Serum elastase in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis: a prospective study. ANZ J Surg 2005; 75: 152-156. (診断レベル3b)
32) Raty S, Sand J, Nordback I. Detection of postoperative pancreatitis after pancreatic surgery by urine trypsinogen strip test. Br J Surg 2007; 94: 64-69. (診断レベル4)
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35) Vissers RJ, Abu-Laban RB, McHugh DF. Amylase and lipase in the emergency department evaluation of acute pancreatitis. J Emerg Med 1999; 17: 1027-1037. (診断レベル2a)
36) Agarwal N, Pitchumoni CS, Sivaprasad AV. Evaluating tests for acute pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 1990; 85: 356-366. (診断レベル2a)
37) Dervenis C, Johnson CD, Bassi C, et al. Diagnosis, objective assessment of severity, and management of acute pancreatitis. Santorini consensus conference. Int J Pancreatol 1999; 25: 195-210. (診断レベル5)
38) Nordestgaard AG, Wilson SE, Williams RA. Correlation of serum amylase levels with pancreatic pathology and pancreatitis etiology. Pancreas 1988; 3: 159-161. (診断レベ2b)
39) Apple F, Benson P, Preese L, et al. Lipase and pancreatic amylase activities in tissues and in patients with hyperamylasemia. Am J Clin Pathol 1991; 96: 610-614. (診断レベル2b)
40) Orebaugh SL. Normal amylase levels in the presentation of acute pancreatitis. Am J Emerg Med 1994; 12: 21-24. (診断レベル2b)
41) Gumaste V, Dave P, Sereny G. Serum lipase: a better test to diagnose acute alcoholic pancreatitis. Am J Med 1992; 92: 239-242. (診断レベル2b)
42) Clavien PA, Robert J, Meyer P, et al. Acute pancreatitis and normoamylasemia. Not an uncommon combination. Ann Surg 1989; 210: 614-620. (診断レベル2b)
43) Eckfeldt JH, Kolars JC, Elson MK, et al. Serum tests for pancreatitis in patients with abdominal pain. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1985; 109: 316-319. (診断レベル3b)
44) Ventrucci M, Pezzilli R, Naldoni P, et al. Serum pancreatic enzyme behavior during the course of acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 1987; 2: 506-509. (診断レベル3b)
45) Toskes PP. Hyperlipidemic pancreatitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 1990; 19: 783-791. (診断レベル3b)
46) Swensson EE, King ME, Malekpour A, et al. Serum amylase isoenzyme alterations in acute abdominal conditions. Ann Emerg Med 1985; 14: 421-423. (診断レベル4)
47) Leclerc P, Forest JC. Variations in amylase isoenzymes and lipase during acute pancreatitis, and in other disorders causing hyperamylasemia. Clin Chem 1983; 29: 1020-1023. (診断レベル3b)
48) Holdsworth PJ, Mayer AD, Wilson DH, et al. A simple screening test for acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 1984; 71: 958-959. (診断レベル2b)
49) Gunn IR, Faye S, Clayton MG. Prospective evaluation of urinary amylase test strip. Lancet 1986; 1: 1161. (診断レベル2b)
50) Werner M, Steinberg WM, Pauley C. Strategic use of individual and combined enzyme indicators for acute pancreatitis analyzed by receiver-operator characteristics. Clin Chem 1989; 35: 967-971. (診断レベル3b)
51) Warshaw AL, Fuller AF Jr. Specificity of increased renal clearance of amylase in diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. N Engl J Med 1975; 292: 325-328. (診断レベル3b)
52) Tedesco FJ, Harter HR, Alpers DH. Serum amylase determinations and amylase to creatinine clearance ratios in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. Gastroenterology 1976; 71: 594-598. (診断レベル3b)
53) Levitt MD, Johnson SG. Is the CAm/CCr ratio of value for the diagnosis of pancreatitis? Gastroenterology 1978; 75: 118-119. (診断レベル3b)
54) McMahon MJ, Playforth MJ, Rashid SA, et al. The amylase-to-creatinine clearance ratio-a non-specific response to acute illness? Br J Surg 1982; 69: 29-32. (診断レベル3b)
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59) Schroder T, Lempinen M, Kivilaakso E, et al. Serum phospholipase A2 and pulmonary changes in acute fulminant pancreatitis. Resuscitation 1982; 10: 79-87. (診断レベル3b)
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4.画像診断
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69) Dörffel Y, Wruck U, Rückert RI, et al. Vascular complication in acute pancreatitis assessed by color Duplex ultrasonography. Pancreas 2000; 21: 126-133.(診断レベル3)
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76) Morgan DE, Baron TH, Smith JK, et al. Pancreatic fluid collection prior to intervention: evaluation with MR imaging compared with CT and US. Radiology 1997; 203: 773-778. (診断レベル3)
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78) Ward J, Chalmers AG, Guthrie AJ, et al. T2-weighted and dynamic MRI in acute pancreatitis: comparison with contrast enhanced CT. Clin Radiol 1997; 52: 109-114. (診断レベル3)
79) Piironen A, Kivisaari R, Kemppainen E, et al. Detection of severe acute pancreatitis by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Eur Radiol 2000; 10: 354-361. (診断レベル2c)
80) IKeda O, Kume S, Torigoe Y, et al. Hemorrhage into pancreatic pseudocyst. Abdom Imaging 2007; 32: 370-373.(診断レベル4)
81) Saifuddin A, Ward J, Radgway J, et al. Comparison of MR and CT scanning in severe acute pancreatitis: initial experiences. Clin Radiol 1993; 48: 111-116.(診断レベル3)
82) Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg 2005; 200(6): 869-875.(診断レベル3)
83) Makary MA, Duncan MD, Harmon JW, et al. The role of magnetic resonance cholangiography in the management of patients with gallstone pancreatitis. Ann Surg 2005; 241(1): 119-124.(診断レベル3)
84) Hirohashi S, Hirohashi R, Uchida H, et al. Pancreatitis: evaluation with MR cholangiopancreatography in children. Radiology 1997; 203: 411-415. (診断レベル4)
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86) British Society of Gastroenterology. United Kingdom guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis. Gut 1998; 42(Suppl 2): S1-S13.
87) Chak A, Hawes RH, Cooper GS, et al. Prospective assessment of the utility of EUS in the evaluation of gallstone pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc 1999; 49: 599-604. (診断レベル1b)
88) Liu CL, Lo CM, Chan JKF, et al. EUS for detection of occult cholelithiasis in patients with idiopathic pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc 2000; 51: 28-32. (診断レベル1b)
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5,6.成因診断総論,胆石性急性膵炎の成因診断
90) Koizumi M, Takada T, Kawarada Y, et al. JPN Guidelines for the management of acute pancreatitis: diagnostic criteria for acute pancreatitis. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2006; 13: 25-32.
91) Pezzilli R, Uomo G, Zerbi A, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis: the position statement of the Italian Association for the study of the pancreas. Dig Liver Dis 2008; 40: 803-808.
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95) Hirohashi S, Hirohashi R, Uchida H, et al. Pancreatitis: evaluation with MR cholangiopancreatography in children. Radiology 1997; 203: 411-415.(診断レベル4)
96) Testoni PA, Mariani A, Curioni S, et al. MRCP-secretin test-guided management of idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis: long-term outcomes. Gastrointest Endosc 2008; 67: 1028-1034.(診断レベル3b)
97) Liu CL, Lo CM, Chan HKF, et al. Detection of choledocholithiasis by EUS in acute pancreatitis: a prospective evaluation in 100 consecutive patients. Gastrointest Endosc 2001; 54: 325-330.(診断レベル1b)
98) Chak A, Hawes RH, Cooper GS, et al. Prospective assessment of the utility of EUS in the evaluation of gallstone pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc 1999; 49: 599-604. (診断レベル1b)
99) Liu CL, Lo CM, Chan JKF, et al. EUS for detection of occult cholelithiasis in patients with idiopathic pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc 2000; 51: 28-32.(診断レベル1b)
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103) Kamisawa T, Egawa N, Matsumoto G, et al. Pancreatographic findings in idiopathic acute pancreatitis. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2005; 12: 99-102.(診断レベル3b)
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107) Andersén JM, Hedström J, Kemppainen E, et al. The ratio of trypsin-2-α1-antitrypsin to trypsinogen-1 discriminates biliary and alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis. Clin Chem 2001; 47: 231-236.(診断レベル1b)
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